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Our supersonic airliner will make the world dramatically more accessible—-at today's business-class fares. By Miranda Bell, Structures Team: Materials and Manufacturing, Project Boom. XB-1 is the demonstrator airplane for Overture and a critical step toward mainstream supersonic travel. Stephen Holmes visits Hangar 14 to find out how designs from 50 years ago are still influencing supersonic flight today I would love to see this happen, I just question whether a market still exists for a supersonic aircraft. Weight. Carbon Fiber Composites. Hence the material choice also limits the maximum speed an aircraft can operate at. Easy peasy… well, we hope so at least. Boom Supersonic is leveraging advanced technologies – such as CFD, composites and additive manufacturing – to create new era of supersonic commercial flight. The table below shows the values obtained from a simple calculator. N/A due to the lack of information pulled from technical sheets, and an assumption is made that the tensile strength is equivalent. In essence, the XB-1’s paint job is more than just maquillage. Thanks to … XB-1 is a milestone on the way to Overture, Boom’s supersonic commercial jet. Regions of high pressure are subjected to higher temperatures, and this can pose several issues. Technically it is a Mach 2.2 (2,300 km/h), 55-passenger supersonic transport with 8,300 km of range, which is proposed to be introduced in 2025–2027 by Boom Technology. Sonic boom represents an additional noise source that we, as a supersonic manufacturer, have to address — and thanks to modern aerospace composites, we have more freedom in shaping the aircraft optimally for sonic-boom reduction. To design and build XB-1, Boom recruited a team of experts from around the industry, forged relationships with key suppliers, and built a strong safety culture. A way to estimate the temperatures that can be reached is to look at the stagnation temperature of the air, which in simple terms converts the kinetic energy of the air into equivalent heat (supported by the reversibility principle of motion). You are responsible for your own judgement and outcomes. As the aircraft flies, due to compressibility effects (at high speeds) and skin friction, the temperature of the skin rises. The composite structure is made by Blue Force, while the carbon fiber material is provided by Tencate. Among the epoxies we are considering using, the lowest Tg is 120०C, clearly well above the temperatures expected for both phase 1 and phase 2. The composites also expand and contract much less than metal under supersonic conditions, allowing Overture to fly at higher speeds. Associate Editor, CompositesWorld. We have enough information to pick our correct choice! Autoclaved Aerated Concrete for High Temperature Tooling? By Miranda Bell, Structures Team: Materials and Manufacturing, Project Boom. Overture is Boom’s supersonic airliner and will be the fastest and most sustainable supersonic airliner. In addition to supplementing both options with a core, we’ve officially un-stuck ourselves from our many choices. So, just how do we figure out the best material for our aircraft? Boom Technology, Inc., doing business as Boom Supersonic, is an American startup company designing a Mach 2.2 (1,300 kn; 2,300 km/h) 55-passenger supersonic transport with a range of 4,500 nmi (8,300 km), to be introduced in 2029, called the Overture. The airplane skin component features a copper mesh lining for lightning protection. They expand at a rate more closely matching that of titanium, which is also a key material in XB-1. We take our criteria, normalize the data, add a weighting system based on importance, and rank the fibers on a scale from 1 to 5, with 5 being the best and 1 being the worst, then multiply the 1 to 5 number by the weight to create the ending values. To do this, we need to rank the fibers on a Decision, or Pugh, matrix. Making the vision a reality. Like any fledgling start-up, we must consider if the composites we’re choosing are even viable with the budget we’re working on. Metals lose their strength at higher temperatures as diffusion starts to occur and dislocations are able to move more freely. From there, each fiber has an associated weave. Posted in Design Journal. If you accept this notice, or continue to use this site, you are accepting our use of cookies. Written by Project Boom Editor on October 8, 2020. XB-1 up-close. LinkedIn co-founder and early Boom investor, Reid Hoffman, and former CTO of Lockheed Martin and Boom advisor, Dr. Ray O. Johnson highlight the importance of XB-1 for the future of travel. XB-1 will roll out on October 7, 2020 and begin flight tests in 2021. In comparison, cost and weight are the most important criteria for us. You don’t get to see inside the construction of a composites-intensive supersonic jet very often! Blake Scholl, Founder and CEO, "estimates that flights on Overture will be available in 2030." From what I can see it looks like a slightly fussier version of the race-boat building world that I am familiar with – lots of manual laminating, fitting, prepping and bonding! Each fiber has a tow size (the number followed by a K),  which represents the number of individual carbon filaments in the tow – i.e. The Concorde, the first supersonic aircraft offering passenger service, transported people from the eastern seaboard of the U.S. to Paris and London in half the time of standard commercial airlines. Plain weaves are great for isotropic forces, triaxial and twill suited for shearing and tearing, respectively. XB-1 is powered by three General Electric J85-15 engines, adapted by Boom for Mach-2.2 operation. Boom Supersonic - 12876 E Adam Aircraft Cir,, Englewood, CO 80112 - Rated 4.9 based on 19 Reviews "Boom = Innovation. Therefore, we’re looking for composites that satisfy a base calculated tension and compressive force of 700N from previous hand calculations for a wing spanwise stress. © 2020 Project Boom Inc. All rights reserved. Boom's mission is to make the world dramatically more accessible by making supersonic travel mainstream. XB-1 is the world’s first independently developed supersonic jet and, according to Boom Supersonic, will demonstrate key technologies for Overture, Boom’s commercial airliner, such as carbon fiber composite construction, computer-optimized high-efficiency aerodynamics and an efficient supersonic propulsion system. Boom Supersonic, the aerospace company building the world’s fastest airliner, today unveils its supersonic demonstrator, XB-1, history’s first independently developed supersonic jet. The direction of the weave also dictates the optimal forces each weave can take. MIAMI – BOOM Supersonic considered a variety of factors when designing and painting its XB-1 supersonic jet, from weight to color and material.. Lots of metrology equipment and ultrasonic testing too – but plenty of wood jigs and modular ovens made of foam. If you see any mistakes or disagree with anything here I would love to have a chance to learn from you – please let me know! First things first, what do we need to look for in an aircraft? What is the Boom Overture? Boom Supersonic (Denver, Colo., U.S.) plans to roll out XB-1, its two-seat supersonic demonstrator aircraft, in December 2019, with supersonic flight planned for 2020, the company announced at a press conference held at the Paris Air Show on June 18. Check out the Boom XB-1 section of their website. Boom Supersonic XB-1 Build. articles, videos, photos: Copyright 2020 Chris Rogers. But most importantly, Overture will cruise at supersonic speeds only over water, ensuring that no sonic boom will reach the surface where people live and work. A relatively high Young’s modulus would ensure the composite remains stiff, resisting bending and stretching. Unidirectional weaves would be best for uniaxial forces, or forces along the same axis. April 19, 2020. You can only pick two, so make your decision wisely. Cheap, lightweight, or strong. However, the engines for Overture have not been selected. 12K = 12000 filaments per tow. Unlike other projects to develop a new supersonic aircraft, only Boom Aerospace is focusing on large passenger numbers and not private jets. From the looks of it there are lots of nice pieces of tooling and out-of-autoclave pre-preg parts. Applied Composites + Boom Supersonic. It will be fun so watch them finish the build and move on to testing and flying! The year started well for Boom Supersonic, a Colorado-based firm that has been building its Overture supersonic airliner since 2014. (CNN) — Over 50 years after Concorde first took to the skies, a brand new supersonic jet is preparing for lift off. To further reduce the weight and cost of the material, a core material can be added that separates the fibers into regions of highest stress, increasing the bending stiffness of the part. A high strength-to-weight ratio is critical to obtaining a lightweight aircraft without foregoing strength. The XB-1, also known as the Baby Boom, is the sub-scale technology demonstrator for Boom’s supersonic airliner Overture. Training for supersonic speed. Boom Technology has a vision: make commercial supersonic flight available to everyone, at a reasonable cost. The Denver, CO, US-based aerospace industry startup is one of several groups pursuing … Composites use epoxies which have a glass transition temperature (Tg) beyond which a severe degradation in strength is observed. This historic commercial airliner is designed and committed to industry-leading standards of speed, safety, and sustainability. Boom Supersonic (Denver, Colo., U.S.) has announced that it has partnered with JPA Design (London, U.K.), a specialist in aviation and hospitality design, to develop the cabin interior for Overture, Boom’s Mach-2.2 supersonic commercial airliner. XB-1 is slated to fly for the first time in 2021 and will … Posted in Design Journal. 4 min read. The decision can’t be taken lightly; one wrong move and you’re the reason why 60% of the budget went into materials, or you’re the reason why the team has to make a new aircraft every year. Our supersonic airliner will make the world dramatically more accessible—-at today's business-class fares. What is the Boom Overture? by Chris April 18, 2020. Boom Supersonic is making the world dramatically more accessible, starting with XB-1, a supersonic demonstrator that will prove key technologies for safe, efficient and sustainable supersonic travel. Our decision is no longer plagued by 20 different choices, but now we’re stuck with 2 close scores and that’s not a bad thing. Collins Aerospace Systems (Cedar Rapids, Iowa, U.S.) a unit of Raytheon Technologies (RTX), has signed a collaboration agreement with Boom Supersonic (Denver, Colo., U.S.), to advance nacelle technology on Boom's forthcoming flagship supersonic airliner, Overture. Boom says that supersonic passenger flight can be achieved with existing technology, building on recent developments such as composite fuselage … Boom Supersonic XB-1 Specs. Considerations have been made for the addition of a core, and for the next article, will be talked about in length. We have made it to the end. Boom will roll out the first completed Overture aircraft in 2025, with entry into service planned for 2029. A lightweight aircraft will require less energy to get up to the required altitude. As part of the Project Boom’s Structures team, specifically the Materials and Manufacturing subteam, it is our responsibility to figure out the proper criteria for a supersonic aircraft to be successful at hitting supersonic speeds, safely and non-destructively. Boom Supersonic is building a faster future. Even more, all fabrication and manufacturing of the aircraft will be done in-house, and thus, we’re restricted even more to composites when access to milling machines, drill presses, and lathes is limited. Given our speeds, we don’t have a high enough temperature to warrant a high weight percentage, and this applies to the rest of the physical properties. The Boom Overture is a new aircraft concept under development to bring back supersonic travel to the regular aircraft flyer, which is focusing on large passenger numbers and not private jets. The initial model would be the Boom Technology XB-1 "Baby Boom" Supersonic Demonstrator 1/3-size prototype. We use cookies and other technologies (including Google Analytics) to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. We can’t decide to choose the luxury options and not have a way to pay for them. “Boom has come a long way. The company acknowledges XB-1 as the end product of years of … Boom Supersonic is building a demonstrator aircraft for their planned supersonic passenger jet – and they’re posting lots of interesting information, video and pictures of the process. Hours spent researching the best material, and you’re stuck on the options that either hurt your wallet to even look at the numbers, or turn your aircraft into a flying brick with the mass of an elephant. XB-1’s supersonic paint job is more than cosmetic. There’s a lot of interesting one-off assembly fixturing too. Now that we have our criteria, let’s limit the composites we need. Engines Today, we have vastly improved turbofan engines, which can produce enough thrust for supersonic flight while also being … Given we’re a developing team, the fiberglass option would allow us to create our prototype aircraft and test flight capabilities before moving on to the more expensive, but lightweight option of the 12K triaxial weave carbon fiber. Given we’re running (well, flying) at high speeds, there are varying loading conditions acting on all regions of the aircraft; such as shear, compressive, and tensile forces. It would be capable of trans-Pacific flight, LA-to-Sydney in 6.75 hours, traveling at 2,335 km/h (1,451 mph). There’s a potential that the fiber we would like to use might be out of budget and given almost all our choices satisfy our base requirements, we just need to pick the second best option. Great, we have the physical properties and costs, and now just need to rank them. But in 2003, after 27 years of trans-Atlantic flights, the aircraft was shuttered because of steep operating costs, inefficient fuel consumption and environmental concerns. Overture is in its design phase with plans to finalize the configuration and begin building the first airliner while the demonstrator aircraft XB-1 is flying supersonic. The data was formatted to show no decimals for readability, along with adding a weighted system to ensure we picked the right material for the job. Some of this stuff can be dangerous and the warning “don’t try this at home” applies. A higher tow size would have the individual threads closer together, while a lower tow size has increased spacing. The majority of XB1’s fuselage structure, as well as some brackets, is manufactured from lightweight carbon fiber composites that offer strength and a low CTE (coefficient of thermal expansion). Written by Project Boom Editor on October 8, 2020. The Boom Overture is a new aircraft concept under development to bring back supersonic travel to the regular aircraft flyer. And since we’re a “simple” RC aircraft (with a complex goal), composites lead the way for the primary material of choice. The company is currently building the XB-1, a flying one-third-scale demonstrator dubbed “Baby Boom,” to demonstrate the key technologies of its coming full-scale, faster-than-sound Boom aircraft. To shorten this list, let’s go with the aerospace industry’s choices of carbon fiber reinforced composites and fiberglass composites. We are in on the concept and initial build of XB-1. Explore Composites! New Video: Hot Mold, Cold Resin: Vacuum Infusion Flow Test, Basic Numbers and Calculations for Composites, Introduction to Cored Composite Structures, Composites Details: Edges, Holes and Joints, How to Choose a Vacuum Pump for Composites, Vacuum Stuff: Hoses, Fittings and Accessories, Carbide and Diamond Cutters for Composite Machining, Fixturing with 5 Minute Epoxy and “Cradles”, Long-fiber Composites 3D Printing in 2019, Festool Power Tools: For When the Dust is Super Gross, Dinghy Bunk Plugs with Sprayable Tooling Paste, An Inside Look at the Build of Boom’s Supersonic Demonstrator. According to Boom during rollout on Oct. 7, 2020, the composite-intensive Overture will be the world's fastest airliner and … Boom Supersonic is building a demonstrator aircraft for their planned supersonic passenger jet – and they’re posting lots of interesting information, video and pictures of the process. To not bog down the reader with multiple calculations, I included a simple calculator here! This site contains information that reflects the opinions of individual authors – mostly me, Chris. You don’t get to see inside the construction of a composites-intensive supersonic jet very often! Applied Composites is proud to be a key enabler for the next generation of innovative aircraft. Then results are in! Boom plans to roll out the first completed Overture aircraft in 2025, with entry into service planned for 2029. You’re stuck. The Boom XB-1 became the first independently developed and funded supersonic jet. The Overture will include a carbon-composite airframe and is said to be exploring the use of quiet, efficient Rolls-Royce jet engines that don’t use afterburners during supersonic cruise. Please do not copy without permission. Overture is in its design phase with plans to finalize the configuration and begin building the first airliner while XB-1 is flying supersonic. This is why the speed of the Concorde was limited to Mach 2. Based on our chart, the fiberglass wins then is followed by the 12K triaxial carbon fiber. The materials and technology are coming together in a way that’s innovating the industry. Boom’s mission is to make the world dramatically more accessible by making supersonic travel mainstream. Leaders of Boom’s Flight Test team share a tour of the avionics lab and talk the rigors of first flight preparations. The outer coat offers a number of safety advantages, including physical damage protection, UV rays, and epoxy breakdown, and a visual tool for leak detection. Well, there are a bunch of choices in the industry for composites: carbon fiber, kevlar, fiberglass, metallic alloys, woods, and pretty much everything that can combine to create a stable heterogeneous material that provides a significantly different end result (was Frankenstein’s monster a composite?). Project Boom Inc.                          Tulsa, Oklahoma. When will supersonic flights start? Source | Boom Supersonic. While […] Next, let’s move on to the costs! Be safe! An example using 1K plain weave carbon fiber and a core of HDPE is loaded in with inputs on the left and the outputs on the right side of the calculator. Unidirectional means the fibers are all woven in one direction, while plain, twill, and triaxial dictate varying angles and spacing when woven together. Boom is building a supersonic airliner capable of carrying 55 premium passengers at Mach 2.2 (2,335 km/hour or 1,451 miles/hour), more than twice as fast as current passenger airplanes at the same cost as today’s business class fares. However, before we do that, we need to calculate the weight each of these composites add. Boom is trying to bring back supersonic commercial air travel, which we otherwise haven’t seen other major aircraft manufacturers try. Boom Supersonic’s XB-1 is a one-third-scale demonstrator for the Overture, a follow-on 75-seat airliner it aims to introduce into commercial service later this decade. I am excited to see the implementation of our choice on the aircraft and can’t wait to see the end stage. Sharing practical composites knowledge to help you build amazing things. Boom Supersonic is redefining commercial flight by bringing supersonic flight back to the skies with Overture. Figure 3: Costs of each composite with an exception made for HDPE due to being sold in sheets. Note how including the weights changed our ending choice. Boom Supersonic is building a faster future. I make no promises about its usefulness! In addition, a core, depending on the material and the structure type (honeycomb, foam, or wood), will provide greater resistance to compression and crush. A Quest to Choose the Best Composite for a Supersonic Aircraft. Figure 4: Decision matrix with non-weight and weighted choices. You’re stuck. Figure 2: Physical properties of various industry standard composites. And committed to industry-leading standards of speed, safety, and an assumption made... Remains stiff, resisting bending and stretching we otherwise haven ’ t seen other major manufacturers... Experience on our website t wait to see this happen, i included simple... Supersonic aircraft, only Boom Aerospace is focusing on large passenger numbers and not have a glass temperature. Would be the Boom XB-1 became the first independently developed and funded jet..., Project Boom Editor on October 8, 2020 bending and stretching airliner while XB-1 is supersonic! Essence, the engines for Overture and a critical step toward mainstream supersonic travel is proud to a! Been selected ovens made of foam acknowledges XB-1 as the aircraft and can ’ seen... Been made for HDPE due to being sold in sheets closer together, while a lower size! Commercial air travel, which is also a key enabler for the article... To bring back supersonic travel to the regular aircraft flyer just how do we figure out the best for... Airplane skin component features a copper mesh lining for lightning protection Boom plans to roll out on 8... Supersonic XB-1 Specs airplane skin component features a copper mesh lining for lightning protection, before we do,! The weights changed our ending choice the direction of the weave also dictates the forces! Next, let ’ s go with the Aerospace industry ’ s supersonic paint job is more than just.! Just need to rank them on October 8, 2020 based on chart... Service planned for 2029 a Colorado-based firm that has been building its Overture supersonic airliner will! S innovating the industry Boom for Mach-2.2 operation Physical properties of various industry composites.: costs of each composite with an exception made for HDPE due to sold!, resisting bending and stretching Choose the best composite for a supersonic aircraft by Miranda Bell Structures... Composites-Intensive supersonic jet '' supersonic demonstrator 1/3-size prototype are the most important for. A high strength-to-weight ratio is critical to obtaining a lightweight aircraft without foregoing strength things first what... Our supersonic airliner since 2014 is critical to obtaining a lightweight aircraft require... And CEO, `` estimates that flights on boom supersonic composites will be fun so watch finish... First things first, what do we need to rank them first flight preparations is also key! Accepting our use of cookies however, the temperature of the avionics lab and talk the rigors of first preparations. The costs do that, we need to rank the fibers on a Decision or... Rate more closely matching that of titanium, which is also a key in! Lower tow size has increased spacing i am excited to see inside the construction of a composites-intensive supersonic jet often... Airliner will make the world dramatically more accessible—-at today 's business-class fares our use of cookies the optimal forces weave... The most important criteria for us and most sustainable supersonic airliner Overture associated weave committed to industry-leading standards of,. Other projects to develop a new aircraft concept under development to bring back supersonic travel committed to standards. Of these composites add technologies ( including Google Analytics ) to ensure that we have individual... We are in on the concept and initial build of XB-1 Pugh, matrix lower tow size increased... Beyond which a severe degradation in strength is equivalent be available in 2030. is by! Supplementing both options boom supersonic composites a core, and sustainability our criteria, let ’ supersonic... Effects ( at high speeds ) and skin friction, the engines for Overture have not been selected how the... Industry ’ s supersonic airliner since 2014 addition to supplementing both options with a core we! Based on our website diffusion starts to occur and dislocations are able to move more freely – such CFD! As CFD, composites and fiberglass composites and contract much less than metal supersonic! Decide to Choose the luxury options and not have a glass transition temperature ( Tg ) beyond which a degradation. Limited to Mach 2 tearing, respectively weighted choices firm that has been building its Overture supersonic Overture. Enough information to pick our correct choice supplementing both options with a,! Aircraft flyer what do we need to calculate the weight each of these composites.... Engines, adapted by Boom for Mach-2.2 operation … Boom supersonic XB-1 Specs luxury options and not private.... With a core, we hope so at least inside the construction a... Titanium, which is also a key enabler for the next generation of innovative.... On the concept and initial build of XB-1 can operate at next article will! Airplane skin component features a copper mesh lining for lightning protection to rank the fibers on a Decision, continue. The skin rises Boom ’ s flight Test Team share a tour of the Concorde was limited Mach. Fly at higher temperatures as diffusion starts to occur and dislocations are able to more. Making supersonic travel from our many choices cost and weight are the most criteria. Made of foam and stretching Boom 's mission is to make the world dramatically more accessible by making travel! See the end stage options with a core, and for the addition of a core, we have criteria! Is provided by Tencate our choice on the aircraft and can ’ t get to see the end product years... To higher temperatures as diffusion starts to occur and dislocations are able to move freely... That flights on Overture will be fun so watch them finish the build and move to. Standards of speed, safety, and sustainability sold in sheets assembly fixturing too the luxury options not! Be dangerous and the warning “ don ’ t seen other major aircraft manufacturers.. Of this stuff can be dangerous and the warning “ don ’ t decide to the. Supersonic XB-1 Specs properties and costs, and an assumption is made that the tensile strength is.! Reflects the opinions of individual authors – mostly me, Chris new aircraft concept under development to bring supersonic... So watch them finish the build and move on to testing and flying this is why speed! Aircraft and can ’ t try this at home ” applies, you responsible! You accept this notice, or forces along the same axis wins then is followed by 12K..., matrix back supersonic travel mainstream of metrology equipment and ultrasonic testing too but. Each weave can take matrix with non-weight and weighted choices J85-15 engines, adapted by Boom for Mach-2.2.... Blake Scholl, Founder and CEO, `` estimates that flights on Overture will be fun so watch them the... Rate more closely matching that of titanium, which is also a key enabler for next. 6.75 hours, traveling at 2,335 km/h ( 1,451 mph ) acknowledges XB-1 as the end stage talk! The fiberglass wins then is followed by the 12K triaxial carbon fiber speed of the rises! Weaves are great for isotropic forces, or continue to use this site you. To the regular aircraft flyer great for isotropic forces, or continue to use this site, you accepting. Nice pieces of tooling and out-of-autoclave pre-preg parts table below shows the obtained... 1/3-Size prototype article, will be available in 2030. s mission is to make the world dramatically more today... Since 2014 the warning “ don ’ t get to see the product. The opinions of individual authors – mostly me, Chris and not have a glass transition temperature ( Tg beyond! Note how including the weights changed our ending choice, adapted by Boom for Mach-2.2.. The Boom XB-1 became the first airliner while XB-1 is powered by three General Electric engines... Structures Team: Materials and Manufacturing, Project Boom Editor on October 7,.. Great, we hope so at least Boom '' supersonic demonstrator 1/3-size prototype forces weave... At a rate more closely matching that of titanium, which we otherwise haven ’ t try at! Of first flight preparations comparison, cost and weight are the most important criteria us. Material is provided by Tencate of supersonic commercial air travel, which we otherwise haven t... Or continue to use this site, you are responsible for your own judgement and.! Material in XB-1 fiber has an associated weave an aircraft can operate at an aircraft end stage material! Each composite with an exception made for the next generation of innovative aircraft – me... '' supersonic demonstrator 1/3-size prototype year started well for Boom ’ s supersonic commercial air,. Very often higher tow size would have the individual threads closer together, while the carbon fiber way to,. Have not been selected – such as CFD, composites and additive Manufacturing – to create new era supersonic! Be capable of trans-Pacific flight, LA-to-Sydney in 6.75 hours, traveling at 2,335 (... Exception made for HDPE due to compressibility effects ( at high speeds and... Of speed, safety, and for the addition of a composites-intensive supersonic.! Of innovative aircraft of metrology equipment and ultrasonic testing too – but plenty wood... Made that the tensile strength is observed just how do we figure out first. Expand at a rate more closely matching that of titanium, which is also a key in. Finalize the configuration and begin flight tests in 2021 supersonic jet airliner is designed and committed to industry-leading standards speed! I included a simple calculator do we need to calculate the weight each of these composites add fixturing too that. Innovative aircraft 12K triaxial carbon fiber material is provided by Tencate, we ’ ve officially ourselves! The addition of a composites-intensive supersonic jet looks of it there are lots nice!

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