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For this reason, many such scripts may be more properly referred to as logosyllabic or complex scripts; the terminology used is largely a product of custom in the field, and is to an extent arbitrary. Excluding figures related to North Korea, which does not publish literacy rates. Paleohispanic semi-syllabaries behaved as a syllabary for the stop consonants and as an alphabet for the rest of consonants and vowels. Comparatively recent manuscripts and other texts written in undeciphered (and often unidentified) writing systems; some of these may represent ciphers of known languages or hoaxes. Cuneiform’s significance comes from the fact that it’s the earliest known writing system in the world. Since the literacy rate has increased since 2011 a + sign was added to this figure. This is a list of writing systems (or scripts), classified according to some common distinguishing features. In a few abugidas, the vowels are basic, and the consonants secondary. not yet encoded in Unicode. 92% literacy, Based on 60.38 million population and 79.31% literacy rate of. Hangul – … In some cases, such as Meroitic, the sound values of the glyphs are known, but the texts still cannot be read because the language is not understood. People tell me they really enjoy Daughter Am I,… An estimated 46 million Gujaratis live in India with 11 Gujarati-script newspapers in circulation. Another selling point for Norwegian: the grammar is pretty straightforward, with only one form of each verb per tense. Berkeley SEI Because this course concentrates more on reading than calculations, people see it as one of the easiest degrees to pass. photo source: Wikimedia Commons The Palermo Stone is an important Egyptian artifact that contains information pertaining to the first five dynasties of Egypt (c.3150 – c.2323 BCE). Some of these are: Predominant national and selected regional or minority scripts, Semi-syllabaries: Partly syllabic, partly alphabetic scripts, Linear alphabets arranged into syllabic blocks. Additionally, Serbia's sole official language is Cyrillic Serbian, but within the country, Latin script for Serbian is also widely used. In a syllabary, graphemes represent syllables or moras. Latin is an alphabet type of script and the most widely used in the world. The usual name of the script is given first; the name of the language(s) in which the script is written follows (in brackets), particularly in the case where the … Norwegian is a member of the Germanic family of languages — just like English! Some of these are used for transcription purposes by linguists; others are pedagogical in nature or intended as general orthographic reforms. Azerbaijan's sole official language is Azerbaijani, but the unrecognized de facto independent republic of Nagorno-Karabakh uses Armenian as its sole language. Writing - Writing - History of writing systems: While spoken or signed language is a more or less universal human competence that has been characteristic of the species from the beginning and that is commonly acquired by human beings without systematic instruction, writing is a technology of relatively recent history that must be taught to each generation of children. CORRECTIONS:1: The Thai writing system has actually changed way more than I thought. This is a list of writing systems (or scripts), classified according to some common distinguishing features.. The L… For English speakers, some languages may appear harder than others to speak and comprehend. Sejong’s main goal was to make a system that was easy to learn. How does someone mention that there are thousands of them, take the simplest couple, and argue therefore that the whole system of many thousands is the simplest? 63.2k members in the badlinguistics community. Some of these are: In logographic writing systems, glyphs represent words or morphemes (meaningful components of words, as in mean-ing-ful), rather than phonetic elements. This section lists alphabets used to transcribe phonetic or phonemic sound; not to be confused with spelling alphabets like the ICAO spelling alphabet. The Palermo Stone was purchased in 1859 by Ferdinand Guidano and was given to the Palermo Archaeological Museum in 1877by th… Read the rules before posting. There are also symbol systems used to represent things other than language, or to represent constructed languages. As a Chinese language major, barely any modern Chinese character is a pictograph. A logographic system, is a writing system with symbols that mean whole words, symbols that represent things or ideas.These symbols are called logogram or logograph.Examples of logographic writing systems are those used for the Chinese language and for various hieroglyphs.Both these systems use logographs only partly. historical script ——— English Wikipedia. Unlike abjads, the diacritical marks and systemic modifications of the consonants are not optional. Korean is definetly the easiest writing system in the world.. don’t you have common sence? animal, woman, tree) and a phonetic component telling you what character the phono-semantic compound sounds like. Plato recounts the Egyptian-origin myth of writing in Phaedrus, one of his famous Dialogues. The words are all there, it’s just a matter of making sure they are the right ones and that they say what I want them to say. These phonetic elements may be used on their own (to represent, for example, grammatical inflections or foreign words), or may serve as phonetic complements to a logogram (used to specify the sound of a logogram that might otherwise represent more than one word). This was multiplied by the literacy rate 74.04% as reported by the 2011 census. The repository for all the worst linguistics-related content. East Asia –1300 —— –1050. The easiest aspect of writing for me is editing. The vast majority of abugidas are found from India to Southeast Asia and belong historically to the Brāhmī family, however the term is derived from the first characters of the abugida in Ge'ez: አ (A) ቡ (bu) ጊ (gi) ዳ (da) — (compare with alphabet). … If no consonant is written in Pahawh Hmong, it is understood to be /k/; consonants are written after the vowel they precede in speech. Considered one of the most expansive alphabets in the world, Sinhalese has more than 50 phonemes, the smallest unit of sound that distinguishes different words, though only 38 are frequently used in contemporary writing. Language is the system of communication used by a particular community or a country. January 2017 estimate. Their writing system, a thousand-year-old script also called Naxi, is so complex it takes about 15 years to learn. The vast majority of Chinese characters are phono-semantic compounds; they have a semantic component which tells you what sort of concept the character's meaning is associated with (e.g. Essentially, they postulate that no full writing system can be completely pictographic or ideographic; it must be able to refer directly to a language in order to have the full expressive capacity of a language. These are other alphabets composed of something other than lines on a surface. The most rewarding is knowing I wrote a book worth reading. Hieroglyphs were commonly thought to be ideographic before they were translated, and to this day Chinese is often erroneously said to be ideographic. A featural script has elements that indicate the components of articulation, such as bilabial consonants, fricatives, or back vowels. Types of writing system. The 2020 rankings of the world’s best countries for the education system placed France in sixth ahead of Denmark into seventh; while Canada ranked eighth, Germany ninth, and Switzerland tenth. as long as you're not in a hurry and write 找. Ah yes do pick the numbers 1, 2, and 3 and ignore all the other ones. The usual name of the script is given first; the name of the language(s) in which the script is written follows (in brackets), particularly in the case where the language name differs from the script name. So, Japanese and Korean populations created their own reading and writing systems completely separate from the Chinese one. The trick with pinpointing what is considered the most difficult writing system in the world is that, depending on one’s native tongue, the level of struggle that one individual might experience with a language could be completely different from another’s. Based on 61.11% literacy rate in Andhra Pradesh (according to government estimate) and 74 million. It first appeared in the 34th century BC amongst the … Some scholars treat Tartessian as a redundant semi-syllabary, others treat it as a redundant alphabet. ORACLE BONE SCRIPT. The origins of writing in China are also of particular interest because there have been few cultures where high literacy, high civilization, and aesthetic prowess have been so intimately combined. Sri Lanka Tamil and Moor population that use Tamil script. Besides that, however, Hindi has some challenging differences in terms of grammar, pronunciation and writing. This maps shows languages official in the respective countries; if a country has an independent breakaway republic, both languages are shown. Hebrew has over 9 million speakers, including other Jewish languages and Jewish population outside Israel, where the Hebrew script is used by Jews for religious purposes worldwide. The writing system that emerged was, like most of the features of China's Bronze Age civilization, indigenous. Chinese is a group of languages spoken by the people of China. In at least one abugida, not only the vowel but any syllable-final consonant is written with a diacritic. Based on 30 million native speakers of Amharic and Tigrinya and a 60% literacy rate. Difficult to determine, as it is used to write a very large number of languages with varying literacy rates among them. In other words, the consonant symbols are based on diagrams of … The January 2017 population estimate of India is 1.30 times that of the 2001 census, and it was estimated that the native speakers of Devanagari languages increased by the same proportion, i.e. In many cases it is doubtful that they are actually writing. Writing systems are distinguished from other possible symbolic communication systems in that a writing system is always associated with at least one spoken language.In contrast, visual representations such as drawings, paintings, and non-verbal items on maps, such as contour lines, are not language-related. Around 4.9 billion people or 70% of the global population relies on this alphabet, which generally consists of an average of 26 letters, to write a range of languages. The stupidity of the statement is so obvious that it stands on its own. The phonetic component is usually a character which is a pictograph/ideogram. And the word order closely mimics English. This means the languages share quite a bit of vocabulary, such as the seasons vinter and sommer (we’ll let you figure out those translations). If anything, it should be easier to remember than "I". In the case of Chinese, the phonetic element is built into the logogram itself; in Egyptian and Mayan, many glyphs are purely phonetic, whereas others function as either logograms or phonetic elements, depending on context. Though Gadabuursi is not as widely used as the Kaddare or Osmanya alphabets, it is arguably the simplest Somali writing system. Manual alphabets are frequently found as parts of sign languages. O h how English is always at the end of our ire. Once you're past that, it's all fucked up. This means that reading and writing in Spanish is a straightforward task.With only ten vowel and diphthong sounds (English has 20), and no unfamiliar phon… That is, representing [o] with an under-ring, and final [k] with an over-cross, [sok] would be written as s̥̽. The Tartessian or Southwestern script is typologically intermediate between a pure alphabet and the Paleohispanic full semi-syllabaries. The Danube Valley Civilization script is the oldest writing in the world and predates the Sumerian Writings in Mesopotamia and the Dispilo Tablet. Generally, however, if a single letter is understood to have an inherent unwritten vowel, and only vowels other than this are written, then the system is classified as an abugida regardless of whether the vowels look like diacritics or full letters. Segmental scripts may be further divided according to the types of phonemes they typically record: An abjad is a segmental script containing symbols for consonants only, or where vowels are optionally written with diacritics ("pointing") or only written word-initially. to 820.95 million. Additionally, Abkhazia also uses Abkhaz, and South Ossetia uses Ossetian. Ideographic scripts (in which graphemes are ideograms representing concepts or ideas, rather than a specific word in a language), and pictographic scripts (in which the graphemes are iconic pictures) are not thought to be able to express all that can be communicated by language, as argued by the linguists John DeFrancis and J. Marshall Unger. A segmental script has graphemes which represent the phonemes (basic unit of sound) of a language. Since around 1945 Javanese script has largely been supplanted by Latin script to write Javanese. We all know that “我” is a far simpler concept than “I”. A phoneme may be represented only by some combination or string of graphemes, the same phoneme may be represented by more than one distinct grapheme, the same grapheme may stand for more than one phoneme, or some combination of all of the above. Modern Greek is maybe the easiest language to learn that uses a different alphabet. Asemic writing is a writing-like form of artistic expression that generally lacks a specific semantic meaning, though it sometimes contains ideograms or pictograms. 我 is just "I" with several lines pointing to it for emphasis. Such scripts often work best as mnemonic aids for oral texts, or as outlines that will be fleshed out in speech. What is the abbreviation for The World's Easiest Role Playing System? Chinese is actually the easiest writing system in the world because it has ideograms : badlinguistics 479 votes, 137 comments. And after a few centuries of language drift the phono-semantic compounds often don't line up to sound and meaning clearly. Zhuyin is semi-syllabic in a different sense: it transcribes half syllables. Logographic system. Although the letter used to write a stop consonant was determined by the following vowel, as in a full semi-syllabary, the following vowel was also written, as in an alphabet. Based on sum of 1.335 billion PRC citizens with a 92% literacy rate (1.22 billion), and 120 million Japanese. All contain graphemes that represent phonetic (sound-based) elements as well. I guess if you squint, "羊" kinda looks like a sheep. First, Hindi uses an SOV (subject object verb) word order and has new sounds for English speakers, including dhaand hka. That is, it has letters for syllable onsets and rimes (kan = "k-an") rather than for consonants and vowels (kan = "k-a-n"). Yep, 4 examples are illustrative of thousands of other characters. Scripts differ in how many features they indicate. The Hardest Languages to Learn Chinese. Overall, Spanish has a shallow orthographic depth – meaning that most words are written as pronounced. It has many different dialects with few learning resources--MSA (Modern Standard Arabic) tends to be the most commonly taught form of Arabic even if it’s not the most spoken. The Naxi are an ethnic minority of about 300,000 in a Southwestern province of China. The vast majority of the world’s languages have writing systems that are more “intuitive.” So, an English-speaking person with some limited training in IPA could probably learn to read Kabiyè in a matter of minutes, could probably read most of Finnish without any training at all, and could learn Korean or even Cherokee in a matter of a few days. Most of the time, the meaning of the phonetic component has fuck-all to do with the meaning of the phono-semantic compound. This script originated in present-day Italy and has since spread around the world with the help of several historic events, most notably: the Roman Empire, Christianity, and European colonization. In the case of Old Persian, all vowels were written regardless, so it was effectively a true alphabet despite its syllabic component. Hangul is one of the world’s few featural alphabets, meaning that there is an iconic relationship between the symbol and the sound. Spoken by 38 million people in the world. In Japanese Braille, the vowels but not the consonants have independent status, and it is the vowels which are modified when the consonant is y or w. These systems have not been deciphered. Several of these systems, such as Epi-Olmec and Indus, are claimed to have been deciphered, but these claims have not been confirmed by independent researchers. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts, I get my point across with Tuvan throat singing, let me tell you how to pronounce your name. The Sri Lankan script comprises the complete phonic systems of both Sanskrit and Pali, another classical language from India. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast, More posts from the badlinguistics community. Alphabets may exist in forms other than visible symbols on a surface. Tamil Nadu has an estimated 80% literacy rate and about 72 million Tamil speakers. In it, the God Theuth invents writing and communicates his discovery to King Thamus with great excitement, praising its ability to “make the Egyptians wiser” and to “improve their memories; for it is an elixir of memory and wisdom.” But King Thamus is not amused, and accuses Theuth of the exact opposite, saying that because writing allo… Most schoolchildren worldwide and hundreds of millions, Augmentative and Alternative Communication, List of Egyptian hieroglyphs by common name: A-L, List of Egyptian hieroglyphs by common name: M-Z, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of languages by first written accounts, http://updateox.com/india/26-populated-cities-karnataka-population-sex-ratio-literacy, Greek letters used in mathematics, science, and engineering, http://www.omniglot.com/writing/bengali.htm, "Assamese alphabet, pronunciation and alphabet", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_writing_systems&oldid=1001798814, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, Articles needing additional references from January 2021, All articles needing additional references, Articles that may contain original research from January 2021, All articles that may contain original research, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The "Tennobet", used to write the Orokin language in the, Ancient Language used in the Tellius World of the series, This page was last edited on 21 January 2021, at 11:30. 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Writing is a writing-like form of each verb per tense languages official in the for! Maybe the easiest language to learn for a variety of reasons, so it was effectively a true alphabet separate. Only numerical information since 2011 a + sign was added to this day Chinese how. Systems of both Sanskrit and Pali, another classical language from India may... Segmental script has largely been supplanted by Latin script to write a very easiest writing system in the world! 75 % literacy rate of Serbian is also widely used in the respective countries ; a... And 120 million and a literacy rate ( 1.22 billion ), and there are different of! The rules … Plato recounts the Egyptian-origin myth of writing for me is editing languages — just like English optional! Or Osmanya alphabets, it is doubtful that they are not optional said that Chinese must the! Government estimate ) and easiest writing system in the world 60 % literacy, based on 60.38 million population and 79.31 % literacy has! 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