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The hardened plastic may not have the same strength as the original plastic material. Interested in how this project came about? Does anyone have a technique that helps apply colored primer on PVC pipe neatly. It is one of the few plastic paints on the market that comes in a can so you can apply it with a brush or a sprayer. However, a significant number of primed joints failed before the unprimed joints, as shown in table 1.1. U-pol S2003 Plastic Primer Adhesion Promoter RFU 1L. *Joint failure for the Torsion Test is when torqued, the pipe and fitting separate/twist off at the If primer does not make a stronger joint, then the step of applying primer can be skipped resulting in tremendous amounts of time and cost savings. … … To connect PVC to a CPVC fitting (or vice versa) follow these steps: Brush CPVC primer on the outside of the pipe and inside of the fitting about 2 inches deep. The glass transition temperature (Tg) of PVC material is about 84°C, and the Tg of CPVC is about 123°C (Tryon, 1975). Spread an even layer of solvent PVC cement on the inside of the fitting and outside of the pipe. Apply a thin but completely covering coat of Sikalastic® Primer PVC with a solvent resistant brush or felt pad. Care must be taken to ensure that this … Twist the pipe a quarter of the way around as you push it into the fitting. PVC … Save 15% more with Subscribe & Save. Repeat steps 1 to 6 for all of the PVC pipes, fittings, primer and cements. It's the preferred solvent cement of This creates a pipe assembly with two solvent welded joints, one with primer applicatio… Pipe made of polyvinyl chloride, commonly called PVC, is used in a variety of residential applications, from plumbing systems to a host of cool craft projects (such as DIY racks, organizers, and even furniture). This pipe assembly contains a total of four solvent welded joints: two with primer application, two without. Solvent welding happens in three steps (Dukane Corporation, 2013). Apply the PVC Cement. Copyright © 2021 Acton Media Inc. All rights reserved. WELD-ON® P-68™ Low VOC Primer for PVC and CPVC Plastic Pipe Low VOC Primer for PVC and CPVC Plastic Pipe MANUFACTURER: IPS Corporation 17109 South Main Street, Gardena, CA 90248-3127 P.O. The final reason why the primed joints could be weaker than the unprimed joints could be that because the cement contains most of the same ingredients as the primer does, the primer may not have added any real benefit to the joint strength. Before gluing PVC pipe, lay out all the pieces of pipe and make sure that when they’re … IPS® Weld-On P-70™ PVC/CPVC Primer The Weld-On P-70™ is the most aggressive primer commercially available. If you’re repairing plastic, you’ll need a primer that removes any minor sand scratches and conceals any body work (i.e. Yet another reason the primed joints were weaker than the unprimed joints may be that the primer presoftens the plastic more than the cement alone, so when the plastic hardens again, the molecular structure may have changed. The Oatey 8 oz. The hypothesis was that if primer penetrates and softens the plastic surfaces prior to the application of cement, then the inclusion of primer in the solvent welding process should achieve maximum fusion and strength. After holding the pipe in place for 30 seconds, give it at least 20 minutes before handling it further so the cement can set properly. At the time of this project's completion and publication, Jan Lin is a sophomore honors student pursuing an education in Engineering at American Heritage School in Plantation, Florida. More Buying Choices $6.86 (19 new offers) Rust-Oleum 213517T Specialty Quart Oil Based Appliance Plastic Primer… The industry standard is still copper pipe, as it is strong and compatible with a wide range of fittings and pipes. Additionally, in his free time, Jan volunteers at the Museum of Discovery and Science (MODS) in Fort Lauderdale, Florida as a tour guide. To connect PVC to a CPVC fitting (or vice versa) follow these steps: Brush CPVC primer … click any image for a larger view of Jan taking his karate test or playing the piano at local concerts. This solidifies the pieces together and ensures that they will not continue to move around, creating a rigid joint between the two pieces (Dukane Corporation, 2013). About 40 million tons of PVC are produced each year. Identify the two pieces of material to be solvent welded. To accomplish that, look for a primer that’s high-filling and sandable. It\\'s also been around over 70 years and known to simply work by most contractors. This helps the two pieces of material in that it provides a surface on which the two materials can fuse. Box 379, Gardena, CA 90247-0379 Tel. Cement for CPVC plastic and for PVC plastic meets NSF/ANSI 61 safety standards for use on drinking water systems. Apply the spray primer in even amounts to the completely sanded, clean and dry plastic … According to "Thermal properties of polymers" (n.d.), "When rapid cooling occurs to a temperature at which the crystalline state is expected to be the more stable, molecular movement is too sluggish or the geometry too awkward to take up a crystalline conformation. Lay drop cloths, plastic sheeting, or old newspapers over the floors or walls … Based on the tests conducted at 2, 4, 6, and 24 hours, the strength increases greatly as time progresses, which is an indication that the cure time for the joints takes longer than the cure time suggested by the manufacturer. joint. It always makes a mess. Expert advice from Bob Vila, the most trusted name in home improvement, home remodeling, home repair, and DIY. 2. Shop Christy's PVC Pipe Cement and Primer 8-fl oz PVC Cement and Primer in the Pipe Cements, Primers & Cleaners department at Lowe's.com. The Krylon Ultraflat Primer is a very versatile spray primer that sells for $10. The reason for performing this investigation is that there are disagreements between professional plumbers on the necessity of primers in the process of solvent welding of plastic pipes and fittings. Take a CPVC male adapter and solvent weld it to a CPVC pipe with primer. Rust-Oleum® Specialty Plastic Primer Spray prepares plastic for painting with any top coat. The specialty primer can create a foundation that helps the paint stick. Because the application was a manual process, a few seconds of exposure to air that the primer had could have dried it such that it formed a barrier to the cement to prevent the two materials from fusing together with the help of the cement. Place the digital scale on top of the base platform, and plug in the digital scale to an electrical outlet. Dulux Duramax Plastic Primer is a fast-drying spray paint delivering a high-performance undercoat on most plastics. Free postage. (47) 47 product ratings - Simoniz Grey Plastic Smooth Primer Car Paint Spray Anti Rust Aerosol 500ml. Disclosure: BobVila.com participates in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for publishers to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites. -PVC Primer (it's usually purple, some places sell a … Tests on hydrostatic pressure were not performed because the researcher had limited equipment and resources. This creates a pipe assembly with two solvent welded joints, one with primer application and one without. $12.70 $ 12. Record the compression force at which it failed. GTi Plastic Adhesion Primer aerosol 500ml - UK Stock. Attach the socket wrench to the torque measuring device. In the compression test, more primed joints failed first than unprimed joints. Is primer really necessary or simply a code requirement added for the benefit of manufacturers? If used properly, it will soften the surfaces of PVC and CPVC pipe and fittings, which is necessary for the proper solvent welding of the materials. After that, you will immediately insert the pipe into the fitting. Hold the joint for 15 seconds to ensure that the pieces do not slide apart. Digital scale that has a substantially larger capacity than 2224.1 N (500 lb), Increase dry time for the primer prior to applying cement, Use a microscope to study molecular structure of joints. (47) 47 product ratings - Simoniz Grey Plastic Smooth Primer Car Paint Spray Anti Rust Aerosol 500ml. 1-310-898-3300 In my neck of the woods purple primer is a requirement enforced by code. a simple comparison between primed and unprimed joints to be visualized over time. Specially recommended for use on Schedule 80 (PN 10 and higher) and large size pipe. Rust-Oleum Clear 302151 Universal All Surface Spray Paint 11 oz, Dead Flat. Push the two pieces together until the marked line and twist 90°. Then solvent weld it to another tee on the other end of the pipe without primer. Joints were manually assembled, so slight inconsistencies in the following: →   Amount of primer and cement applied to pipes and fittings, →   Time elapsed between primer application and cement application, Digital scale failed to record force after capacity was exceeded, Some failures of joints were not abrupt failures but slower plastic failures, Tests to be performed in a more controlled environment, Investigate possibility of machines performing the solvent welding process to eliminate inconsistency of handmade assembly process, More sophisticated testing equipment, ex. Combines Red Hot Blue Glue, the original all-weather, wet or dry, rain or shine PVC solvent cement with purple primer. 80. 1. P-70™ Primer. Let it dry for about 10 seconds. Apply directly to plastic mailboxes, lawn chairs, storage lockers and more. Popular manufacturers of PVC cement include Weld-On (view on Amazon), Oatey (view on Amazon), Gorilla (view on Amazon) and more. You agree that BobVila.com may process your data in the manner described by our Privacy Policy. So heed this list of dos and don’ts to ensure success on your PVC projects. These primers float adhesive-backed sheets above a surface until you press them down, giving you time to position the sheet and remove any wrinkles. The Premier Online Plumbing Supplier Since 1995, Same day shipping for in-stock orders processed by 7pm EST M-F. This study will help determine if the application of primer significantly increases the strength of cemented joints. Most plumbers in the field would pressurize and test the system 15-30 minutes after solvent welding. $12.70 $ 12. These days, contractors have a number of great options when it comes to residential plumbing pipe. Combines Red Hot Blue Glue, the original all-weather, wet or dry, rain or shine PVC solvent cement with purple primer… Primer is effective only when wet, so you need to move quickly once you begin. 70. Premium, industrial strength, low VOC primer essential for proper softening and preparation of PVC and CPVC pipe and fitting surfaces. Wipe the inside of the fitting and the outside of the pipe with PVC primer. Therefore, cement alone may create a stronger joint than a two-step process of primer followed by cement. Take a PVC pipe and solvent weld it to a PVC tee on one end with primer. Dupli-Color CP199 Clear Adhesion Promoter Primer - 11 oz. Specially recommended for use on Schedule … The Krylon Ultraflat Primer is a very versatile spray primer that sells for $10. Apply a thin but completely covering coat of Sikalastic® Primer PVC with a solvent resistant brush or felt pad. Save 15% more with Subscribe & Save. Krylon Ultraflat Primer. halos, bulls-eyes, and ring-outs). It also contains acetone, which softens the materials to ensure maximum joint strength. Shake the can of Sikalastic® Primer PVC prior to application. Since the sheet doesn’t stick right away, you can apply large sheets without needing a second pair of hands. Repeat steps 2 to 9 for all of the PVC pipes, fittings, primer and cements. PVC pipe cement is a chemical solvent which can off-put harmful toxins, so be sure to work in a well-ventilated area. This may be considered an optional aid for small diameter piping up through 2” and recommended for sizes 2 1/2” and larger and for Schedule 80 and CPVC or where local codes specify a primer. The information contained herein is based on data considered accurate based on current state of knowledge and experience. The industry standard is still copper pipe, as it is strong and compatible with a wide … PVC, or polyvinyl chloride, is made up of mostly chlorine and carbon (Johnson, n.d.). This is achieved by lowering the Tg of the material until it goes below the temperature of the material. Both PVC and CPVC plastics are amorphous in composition. Cut select samples to examine cross sections of joints. There is no special “CPVC to PVC glue,” so chemically joining CPVC and PVC requires solvent cement and primer that are strong enough to fully bond CPVC pipe. Another emerging favorite is PEX tubing, a flexible and durable piping option. The formula is designed to avoid the need for a plastic paint primer or sanding, so there is no wasted time or money spent on prepping the item. The specialty primer can create a foundation that helps the paint stick. ", 2014). 4 watching. IPS® Weld-On P-70™ PVC/CPVC Primer The Weld-On P-70™ is the most aggressive primer commercially available. joint and the pipe bottoms to the end of the fitting socket. Rust-Oleum Specialty Plastic Primer is an oil-based coating that promotes adhesion and durability for your top-coat. Shop Christy's PVC Pipe Cement and Primer 8-fl oz PVC Cement and Primer in the Pipe Cements, Primers & Cleaners department at Lowe's.com. There are different kinds of cements (and primers) on the market formulated for various types of plastic piping. Rust-Oleum® Plastic Primer Spray is designed to prepare plastic surfaces to be topcoated with any Rust-Oleum® color or finish. -PVC Primer (it's usually purple, some places sell a … Amazon's Choice for plastic primer. Rust-Oleum Specialty Plastic Primer is an oil-based coating that promotes adhesion and durability for your top-coat. Krylon Ultraflat Primer. Set your store to see local availability View Similar in Stock. The result is an airtight, leak-proof bond similar to what you get with welding metal. This means that they do not have a crystalline structure when they are in a solid state ("PVC's Physical Properties", n.d.). This report attempts to prove one way or the other whether primer is an essential component of creating a strong PVC joint. Be aware that one type of pipe cement you may see on the shelf is designed for CPVC (chlorinated polyvinyl chloride) pipe, which is similar in name but not an acceptable substitute. Refer to. 4.6 out of 5 stars 1,175. The best primer we have found for PVC is Sherwin Williams’ Extreme Bonding Primer. Recommended to you based on your activity and what's popular • Feedback It is one of the few plastic paints on the market that comes in a can so you can apply it with a brush or a sprayer. A reason why the primed joints were weaker than the unprimed joints may be that the primer presoftens the plastic more than the cement alone, so the plastic may have taken significantly more time to cure in the primed joints. In my neck of the woods purple primer is a requirement enforced by code. The second step is getting the temperature of the material over its Tg by use of a cement. Sikalastic® Primer PVC shall be applied once only. Before gluing PVC pipe, lay out all the pieces of pipe and make sure that when they’re connected, they fit together nicely and are cut to the correct length that you need. CPVC, or chlorinated polyvinyl chloride, is similar to PVC material, but contains a higher amount of chlorine, allowing it to withstand a wider temperature range ("What's the difference between PVC and CPVC pipe", 2012). Spray these primers onto a mounting surface to quickly and smoothly apply signs, labels, and protective films. PVC Primer is the recommended method to soften and prepare surface of PVC pipe and fittings (all sizes and Schedules) before applying solvent cements. One can (237 ml) of the following cements: Socket wrench, 22.2 mm hex shaped socket, and size adapters, Forty 38.1 mm 1/2" CPVC pipes (cut and deburred). £8.49. PVC Primer is the recommended method to soften and prepare surface of PVC pipe and fittings (all sizes and Schedules) before … Dupli-Color CP199 Clear Adhesion Promoter Primer - 11 oz. Rust-Oleum® Specialty Plastic Primer Spray prepares plastic for painting with any top coat. Before getting started, break out the safety goggles (ideally with side shields) and protective gloves. 40 PVC pipes from 60°F-100°F subjected to up to 180 psi are 15 min at most, but according to the test data, a fully cured joint at 24 hours is at least 30-50% stronger than the joint is at 2 hours. Hold the pipe and fitting together firmly for at least 30 seconds; any less and the pipe could pop back out. Adheres to hard-to-paint surfaces. Save more with Subscribe & Save. It’s recommended for use on polypropylene, polystyrene, PVC… Free postage. Ideal for priming plastic furniture, hard plastic … To prime or not to prime - that is the question. Usually PVC jobs require about half the amount of primer as they do cement. PVC primer and cement are messy to work with, and manufacturers recommend avoiding eye and skin contact. OR - find plumbing supplies starting with: (Principles of Engineering Honors Student, American Heritage School), (Refer to this when the below procedures call for solvent welding), Read more about the experiment development phase on Plbg.com, Compression Force (in Newtons) at Failure, Torque (in Newton-Meters) Failures Over Time, 200 38.1 mm 1/2" Sch. Here we show you how to achieve the best results. According to the manufacturer, one class requires the application of primer, such as All-Purpose cement, Regular Clear PVC cement and Medium Gray PVC cement. DIRECTIONS: The function of Christy’s® Purple Primer is to penetrate and soften the mating surfaces of plastic pipe and fittings to be solvent cemented. The first step is pressing, and it is required to ensure contact between the two pieces being welded, maintain proper orientation of the pieces and to force intermolecular diffusion between the two pieces. The other class does not require the application of primer, such as Hot Medium Blue Lava PVC cement and Rain-R-Shine® Medium Blue PVC cement. Therefore, in solvent welding, the heat normally required by other types of welding is not required ("Thermal properties of polymers", n.d.). *Joint failure for the Compression Test is when compressed, the pipe and fitting separate at the PVC surfaces must be clean in order for the primer to effectively prepare the PVC pipe and fittings for cement. halos, bulls-eyes, and ring-outs). Another reason why the primed joints were weaker than the unprimed joints may be that the cement may have needed to be applied immediately after the primer is applied to prevent the primer from drying. Meets ASTM F656. The two types of plastic that will be tested in this investigation are PVC and CPVC. $27.80 $ 27. There are differing opinions based on previous experiences of plumbers. PVC Primer - Clear - Jumbo Dauber In Cap. While it's true that PVC contains certain compounds that makes the plastic water-resistant and keeps foreign substances from sticking to it, some light scouring and a coat of primer will allow you to change the color of your PVC … Tightly clamp one side of the pipe assembly in the vise while exposing the male adapter end. There is no special “CPVC to PVC glue,” so chemically joining CPVC and PVC requires solvent cement and primer that are strong enough to fully bond CPVC pipe. You definitely need a primer designed specifically for plastic if you're using regular spray paint. Mark a line on the pipe at 6.35mm (1/4 in) from the end of the pipe to indicate how far the pipe is to be inserted into the fitting. Slowly apply compression against the pipe assembly using the bottle jack until one joint (either primed or unprimed) fails. -Two pieces of PVC you want to join. After about 10 seconds, you next apply cement to the same areas, then insert the pipe snugly into the fitting and allow the cement to set. For primed joints only, apply a coat of primer around the outside of the pipe and the inside of the fitting. The data recorded represents the maximum readings on the digital scale with small tolerances, but are obviously less than the true compression force at the moment of failure. Joining a pipe to a pipe fitting requires specially formulated primer and cement—no ordinary adhesive but a chemical solvent that melts the surface of the PVC and then quickly re-hardens to fuse the pieces together. It comes in a wide range of colors and finishes, too. PVC and CPVC Purple Primer, made from a mixture of solvents, is designed to remove surface dirt, oils and other contaminants from the surface of PVC or CPVC piping. The process involves applying primer to the outside of the pipe and the inside of the fitting, which cleans and preps the PVC. The Dos and Don'ts of Air-Drying Everything You Own, 5 Ways to Prevent Cracks in Concrete—and 1 Easy Fix, Make Your Home Less Chaotic With These 12 Simple Changes, 10 Unique Ways Homeowners Saved to Buy a House. Besides the obvious dedication Jan puts into his school work, he has worked hard to become a brown belt in karate and has been playing the piano for over seven years. The last step is restoring the temperature of the material back under its Tg. Free postage. The information contained herein is based on data considered … This was not the case. Is there something else you are looking for? £10.50. Box 379, Gardena, CA 90247-0379 Tel. Does anyone have a technique that helps apply colored primer on PVC pipe neatly. Free postage. Whether you're deeply entrenched in the primer camp or a staunch supporter of not priming, the following report offers something more than anecdotes and opinion to help you decide whether or not to prime the joints for your next PVC project. 40 PVC pipes (cut and deburred). PVC … Refer to the product’s instructions for how long the glue needs to cure before you can use it for your project, usually within 24 hours. Apply directly to plastic mailboxes, lawn chairs, storage lockers and more. Whether it's our HVAC units, supplies, pumps, food waste disposers, trendy faucets or the latest kitchen sinks, you can count on Mainline® for an ever-expanding line of exceptional products. Premium, industrial strength, low VOC primer essential for proper softening and preparation of PVC and CPVC pipe and fitting surfaces. The primed joints also had a higher failure rate, although the rates were more equal than in the compression test. Katelin Hill, Bob Vila. Polyvinyl chloride (colloquial: polyvinyl, vinyl; abbreviated: PVC) is the world's third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer (after polyethylene and polypropylene).About 40 million tons of PVC are produced each year. PVC surfaces must be clean in order for the primer to effectively prepare the PVC pipe and fittings for cement. Sikalastic® Primer PVC shall be … You have … * The pipe is not fully seated into the fitting socket in order to allow space for it to fail during the Ideal for priming plastic furniture, hard plastic cases, downpipes and toys. Not recommended for use on ABS piping installations. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of primer on the strength of solvent welded joints in plastic water distribution and drainage systems. In both tests, the primer had a negative effect on the strength of the pipes. The second step of the solvent welding process requires the use of a cement, which is composed partly of PVC (Oatey, 2012). PVC comes in two basic forms: rigid (sometimes abbreviated as RPVC) and flexible. Will your PVC joints fail faster if you don't use primer? There are many practical applications of this experiment. When painting exterior plastic and UPVC, you need a primer with outstanding adhesion. Apply a coat of cement around the outside of the pipe and the inside of the fitting. … DO a dry fit. Rust-Oleum Specialty 1 qt. Position the pipe assembly above the wooden block. Therefore the random arrangement characteristic of the liquid persists down to temperatures at which the viscosity is so high that the material is considered to be solid". 4 watching. Intended Use of Product: Primer for PVC and CPVC Plastic Pipe This product is intended for use by skilled individuals at their own risk. Polyvinyl chloride (colloquial: polyvinyl, vinyl; abbreviated: PVC) is the world's third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer (after polyethylene and polypropylene). Rust-Oleum 213517T Specialty Quart Oil Based Appliance Plastic Primer. How to Prime a Wall. In the torsion test, the primed joints overall took less force to fail than the unprimed joints. Here we show you how to achieve the best results. According to Hong and Wu (2000), the acetone used in their tests lowered the Tg of epoxy resins during their curing by decreasing the degree of cross-linking. Record which joint failed and the torque at which it failed. More Buying Choices $6.86 (19 new offers) Rust-Oleum 213517T Specialty Quart Oil Based Appliance Plastic Primer. According to the manufacturer, the cure times for CPVC pipes are 1 hour at most. These days, contractors have a number of great options when it comes to residential plumbing pipe. If you’re repairing plastic, you’ll need a primer that removes any minor sand scratches and conceals any body work (i.e. To accomplish that, look for a primer … Insert the hex shape CPVC male adapter into the matching size hex shaped socket. Allow the glue to spread, offering a tighter fit the spray primer in amounts... Also suitable for drain, waste, and vent pipes welded joints: two primer. Is the most trusted name in home improvement, home repair, and plug in the digital scale an. For in-stock orders processed by 7pm EST M-F shown in Figure 1 mailboxes, lawn chairs, storage lockers more. Based on your activity and what 's popular • Feedback P-70™ primer and primer ( negatively ) the. Trusted name in home improvement, home repair, and plug in the field potentially. In this investigation is of value to the other end of the pressure on the market formulated for types! Only have about 10 seconds before you ’ re ready, reapply it sheets without needing a pair..., but so far no comments have been received durability for your top-coat standard is still wet so! A stronger joint than a two-step process of primer followed by cement Acton Inc.. … Rust-Oleum Specialty plastic primer CPVC elbow and solvent weld it to a CPVC pipe and fitting surfaces the jack. Of great options when it comes in two basic forms: rigid ( sometimes abbreviated as )! Rates were more equal than in the compression force at which it failed in Hot cold! Tests - either 2, 4, 6, or polyvinyl chloride is... Have about 10 seconds before you ’ re ready, reapply it last step restoring! That is the question a positive purpose in solvent welding on professional forums... Torsion test, the primer is a requirement enforced by code plastic mailboxes, lawn chairs, storage lockers more! Two solvent welded joints, one with primer knowledge and experience more equal in. Really necessary or simply a code requirement added for the polymer chains diffuse! In Figure 1 preparation of PVC and CPVC pipe and fitting together firmly at... Fails to show a streaking drip line 20 % -40 % acetone ( Oatey, 2012 ) welded PVC CPVC! Event of drips 2 to 9 for All of the base platform and. And sandable also had a higher failure rate, although the rates were equal. Tools and preparation, it 's actually quite easy purple primer is a chemical solvent which can off-put harmful,! Oil based Appliance plastic Primer… do a dry fit use of a cement followed by.! Protective gloves CPVC pipes are 1 hour at most this list of dos and don ’ t right! In composition cement for CPVC plastic and for PVC plastic piping the Tg of the pipe without primer and... Most plastics product ratings - Simoniz Grey plastic Smooth primer Car paint spray Rust... For various types of plastic piping prime and cement are messy to in! Doing so allows for the benefit of manufacturers priming pvc plastic primer furniture, hard plastic cases, and! Which cleans and preps the PVC pipe cement is a requirement enforced by.! The fitting to unnecessary joint failures the safety goggles pvc plastic primer ideally with side shields ) and large size.... Quickly once you begin a highly debated subject knowledge and experience and compatible with a solvent resistant brush felt! A cement adhesion and durability of the material slowly turn the socket wrench to apply the primer to the,. Fail than the unprimed joints samples to examine cross sections of joints for primer. Of a cement neck of the material until it goes below the temperature the. But so far no comments have been received VOC primer essential for proper softening and preparation of PVC CPVC...

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