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What is the difference between Chronic Bronchitis and Emphysema? STUDY. A person who receives a diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD for short) usually has symptoms of two different conditions: chronic bronchitis and emphysema. True. All Rights Reserved. Emphysema is an obstructive disease that results in increased lung expansion due to air trapping. B. Emphysema and chronic bronchitis are irreversible. Chronic bronchitis is an inflammation of the upper respiratory system and the passageways of the lungs. 9. 2. COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) is the term doctors and other healthcare professionals use to describe a group of serious, progressive (worsens over time), chronic lung diseases that include emphysema, chronic bronchitis, and sometimes asthma. Flashcards. Emphysema is explained above. In which of the following conditions below do the alveolar sacs lose elasticity which can lead to “air-trapping”: 8. This website provides entertainment value only, not medical advice or nursing protocols. It looks like your browser needs an update. Chronic Bronchitis vs Emphysema. You can also take more fun nursing quizzes. Defining chronic bronchitis & emphysema. A The history holds the central role in distinguishing among asthma, chronic bronchitis, and emphysema. With COPD, the lungs have developed permanent complications that affect the ease with which a person can breathe. • In emphysema, the main problem in the air sacs; in chronic bronchitis, it is in the air tube. Registered Nurse, Free Care Plans, Free NCLEX Review, Nurse Salary, and much more. C. An incentive spirometer is used to diagnose both chronic bronchitis and emphysema. B Because emphysema represents a more severe form of COPD and is associated with greater lung damage, morbidity and mortality are higher for emphysema than for chronic bronchitis. Why does the VQ ratio increase in emphysema? Quiz 4 - Bronchitis, Asthma, Emphysema. Nurses care for patients with COPD across the spectrum of care, from outpatient to home care to emergency department, critical care, and hospice settings. It’s a type of COPD, Chronic Bronchitis being the other. *Disclaimer: While we do our best to provide students with accurate and in-depth study quizzes, this quiz/test is for educational and entertainment purposes only. Which of the following is most commonly found in a patient with emphysema? Apr 19, 2018 - This is a quiz that will test your knowledge on the differences between chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Learn about the differences to better understand their roles in COPD. Match. True B, D We strive for 100% accuracy, but nursing procedures and state laws are constantly changing. Emphysema and chronic bronchitis are both long-term lung conditions. 8. Copyright © 2021 RegisteredNurseRN.com. 1.Chronic inflammation and swelling of peripheral airways, Panacinar or panlobular emphysema and centriacinar or centrilobular emphysema, abnormal weakening and enlargement of all alveoli distal to the terminal bronchioles, including the respiratory bronchioles, alveolar ducts, alveolar sacs, and alveolar. Chronic bronchitis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the bronchi, characterized by prolonged cough and mucus formation in the respiratory tract. COPD often coexists with comorbidities, which affect the disease course. CAL treatment goals. How does the patient with chronic bronchitis responds to the increased airway obstruction? To ensure the best experience, please update your browser. 2 Emphysema is commonly known as “pink puffers” because of the carbon dioxide retained in the lungs and those who suffer with this condition often have a pink complexion. D How do you compensate for the increased VQ ratio? Chronic Bronchitis 3. With chronic bronchitis, the airways that lead to your lungs are inflamed, and over time their lining changes. Please do not copy this quiz directly; however, please feel free to share a link to this page with students, friends, and others. Between shortness of breath and fatigue, differentiating the symptoms can be a tricky business. Patients with chronic bronchitis have the ability to fully exhale but have limited airflow. D True or False: Hyperinflation of the lungs leads to diaphragm flattening. 2 Typically, there is a chronic cough that produces sputum. Select ALL the options that are TRUE about chronic bronchitis and emphysema: A. Learn more about the similarities and differences of chronic bronchitis vs emphysema, and how both can affect your respiratory system. Are the pulmonary capillaries damaged in chronic bronchitis? Some people may have both forms of COPD simultaneously, but the severity varies from person to person. The difference between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and emphysema is that COPD is an umbrella term that denotes a collection of chronic respiratory illnesses, which includes emphysema, along with other conditions, like chronic bronchitis and asthma.In this respect, the difference in the two lies primarily in definition and mortality rate. Don’t forget to tell your friends about this quiz by sharing it your Facebook, Twitter, and other social media. Some of the symptoms … Chronic gastric reflux, which irritates your throat, can contribute to chronic bronchitis, but not emphysema. Summary of Chronic Bronchitis Vs. Emphysema. When taking care of a patient with chronic bronchitis and emphysema, it is very important the nurse knows how to recognize the typical signs and symptoms seen in these conditions, how it is diagnosed, nursing interventions, and patient education. What disease is common with R side heart failure or cor pulmonale, With emphysema what do you see in the CXRAY, Hyperflation, narrow mediastinum, normal or small vertical heart, low flat diaphragm, presence of blebs or bullae, With chronic bronchitis what do you see in the CXRAY, Congested lung fields, densities, increased bronchial vascular markings, enlarge horizontal heart, What does a ABG look like in mild to moderate stages of chronic bronchitis and emphysema, What does a ABG look like in severe stage of chronic bronchitis and emphysema. They differ in the kind of damage they do to the airways and lungs. Created by. Chronic bronchitis vs emphysema nursing lecture on the pathophysiology, treatment, and symptoms. Don’t forget to take the chronic bronchitis vs emphysema quiz. This is a quiz that will test your knowledge on the differences between chronic bronchitis and emphysema. As both conditions affect the lungs, both chronic bronchitis and emphysema are marked by similar symptoms of shortness of breath and wheezing,1 but there are some differences, particularly in the late stages of the diseases. As the nurse, it is important to know how to care for a patient with chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Pulmonary emphysema 4. 7. Please refer to the latest NCLEX review books for the latest updates in nursing. Spell. Although identified as separate entities, most patients with COPD have features of both. It is possible to have both conditions in varying degrees. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are two different lung diseases with similar symptoms. This leads to a cough that won’t go away and too much mucus. Which of the following is NOT a sign and symptom of chronic bronchitis? What is often associated with panacinar emphysema? The symptoms that both diseases consistently emit is chronic … Select ALL the options that are TRUE about chronic bronchitis and emphysema: A. Patients who have chronic bronchitis and emphysema are experiencing limited airflow due to obstructive pulmonary disease. Patients with chronic bronchitis have the ability to fully exhale but have limited airflow. In which of the following conditions below is there a matched V/Q defect? For black board quiz. 1 The main cause of chronic bronchitis and emphysema is smoking. Emphysema is a common condition, affecting more … D. Patients with chronic bronchitis are sometimes referred to as “blue bloaters, while patients with emphysema are sometimes referred to as “pink puffers”. Those two conditions are now classified under the same name – COPD – because most people have symptoms of both, rather than just one or the other. Test. Patients who have chronic bronchitis and emphysema are experiencing limited airflow due to obstructive pulmonary disease. Polycythemia ia common in what disease process? False Although bronchitis may start out as an acute condition, when it recurs repeatedly over 2 years, the diagnosis changes to chronic bronchitis. 3. It is predominantly a disease of middle to late life owing to the cumulative effect of smoking and other environmental risk factors. Low oxygen level and low carbon dioxide level, C. High oxygen level and low carbon dioxide level, D. Low oxygen level and high carbon dioxide level. By accessing any content on this site or its related media channels, you agree never to hold us liable for damages, harm, loss, or misinformation. What are the Causes of Emphysema? This quiz will test your knowledge on the differences between chronic bronchitis and emphysema. chronic productive cough for three months in each of two successive years, presence of permanent enlargement of the airspaces distal to the terminal bronchioles, accompanied by destruction of their walls and without obvious fibrosis, Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease. 7. Long-term lung diseases are NOT fun. D In the previous NCLEX review series, I explained about other respiratory disorders, so be sure to check those reviews out. 1. COPD vs. Emphysema. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are the two most common conditions of COPD. Scroll down to see your results.). What structural changes are associated with chronic bronchitis? It causes irreversible damage to the alveolar walls which causes permanent enlargement of the air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles. Emphysema and chronic bronchitis are different types of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Emphysema is primarily a pathological diagnosis that affects the air spaces distal to the terminal bronchiole. Gravity. Chronic Bronchitis Vs. Emphysema. • Both emphysema and chronic bronchitis are COPDs. B progressive elimination of the pulmonary capillaries leads to a reduced pulmonary blood flow throughout the lungs. At the time of initial writing, approximately 210 million people are affected worldwide leading to 3 million deaths annually 1. 9. They’re part of a disorder known as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Chronic bronchitis is defined as chronic productive cough for three months in each of two successive years Emyphysema is defined as presence of permanent enlargement of the airspaces distal to the … Chronic bronchitis and emphysema limit gas exchange which can lead to serious complications that affect the rest of body, such as the heart. 3. abnormal weakening and enlargement of the proximal portion of the acinus including the repiratory bronchioles, Most common cause of centriacinar emphysema, What structual changes are associated with emphysema, 1.permanent enlargement and destruction of the air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles, Patients with normal levels of alpha1-antitrypsin are referred to having, Phenotype associated with severely low serum concentrations is the, The heterozygous offspiring of parents with the M and Z phenotypes have an, MZ phenotype and have an intermediate deficiency, Key indicators for considering a COPD diagnosis are, What are the three main spirometry test used to ID COPD. While they both make breathing difficult, they affect the lungs in different ways. jesicasty. • Both will present with difficulty in breathing. High oxygen level and high carbon dioxide level, B. True or False: V/Q mismatch is found in chronic bronchitis. • Emphysema patients are pink puffers, and the chronic bronchitis patients are blue bloaters. COPD is the third leading cause of death in the U.S. and rates appear to be increasing. Enter your email address below and hit "Submit" to receive free email updates and nursing tips. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a condition of chronic dyspnea with expiratory airflow limitation that does not significantly fluctuate. Write. The three conditions are emphysema, chronic bronchitis, and refractory (non-reversible) asthma. Although COPD has no cure, there are now advancements in the form of cellular therapy that may help. Learn. decreasing ventilation and increasing cardiac output and decrease VQ ratio, JVD and peripheral edema is common in emphysema or chronic bronchitis, During auscultation what do you expect to hear in exphysema, During auscultation what do you expect to hear in chronic bronchitis, During percussions what do you hear in emphysema, During percussions what do you hear in chronic bronchitis, What type of breathing patterns do you see in Emphyseam and chronic bronchitis. True or False: Patients with emphysema experience hypoventilation as a compensatory mechanism to help increase oxygen levels and decrease carbon dioxide levels in the body. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema limit gas exchange which can lead to serious complications that affect the rest of body, such as the heart. See our full. 2. (NOTE: When you hit submit, it will refresh this same page. Chronic Bronchitis vs Emphysema Quiz. Terms in this set (42) Chronic Airflow Limitations (CAL) 1. 5. A. PLAY. But emphysema is different from chronic bronchitis, which while also often caused by smoking, can occur earlier in life. 1. 1. 2. The main types of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are emphysema and chronic bronchitis. 10. In chronic bronchitis, the lining of the airways is irritated and inflamed and thickens with mucus. 3 It destroys the lung tissue called alveoli. The first thing to know about emphysema and bronchitis is that they are two types of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), you should also be aware that often times they coexist. 6. The NCLEX exam loves to ask questions about pathophysiology and major signs and symptoms of chronic bronchitis and emphysema. This quiz is copyright RegisteredNurseRn.com. B. Emphysema and chronic bronchitis are irreversible. 5. Join the nursing revolution. Emphysema and chronic bronchitis are lung conditions that fall under the term chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD. COPD includes patients with chronic bronchitis and emphysema. 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No significant differences were noted among three groups of subjects classified by severity of emphysema in age, smoking history, chronic bronchitis symptoms, blood eosinophil count, serum IgE level or bronchodilator response. Results: Severity of emphysema visually evaluated varied widely even among subjects with the same stage of disease. Patients with genetic risk factors such as alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiencymay presen… COPD. Patients with chronic bronchitis and emphysema can MOST COMMONLY experience what type of acid-base imbalance? Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are the two main types of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease . It traditionally affected more men than women, but with increased smoking and environmental risk factor exposure among women, the incidence is now equal between the sexes. About This Quiz & Worksheet. 4. C. An incentive spirometer is used to diagnose both chronic bronchitis and emphysema. 6. 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