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The adjective pyriform or piriform means pear-shaped. The word pear is probably from Germanic pera as a loanword of Vulgar Latin pira, the plural of pirum, akin to Greek apios (from Mycenaean ápisos),[1] of Semitic origin (pirâ), meaning "fruit". Use a slotted spoon to transfer the pears from the pot into the jars. If it yields to gentle pressure, then the pear is ripe, sweet, and juicy. Fermented pear juice is called perry or pear cider and is made in a way that is similar to how cider is made from apples. The following cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:[12], The purely decorative cultivar P. salicifolia ‘Pendula’, with pendulous branches and silvery leaves, has also won the award.[20]. [citation needed], In the United States, 95% of reported pear production in 2004 came from four cultivars:[5]. You can balance its rich flavor with a tangy Gorgonzola cheese. European pear trees are not quite as hardy as apples, but nearly so. However, they do require some winter chilling to produce fruit. Ripening Temperatures Contrary to popular belief, you should actually start the ripening process by cooling the pears in the fridge first (just 1-2 days for Bartlett pears, but anywhere from 2-6 weeks for Anjou, Bosc, or Comice pears) for optimal effect. Purchase pears that are firm if you’re selecting them in a store. communis), are without doubt derived from one or two wild subspecies (P. c. subsp. Dig out the seeds with a spoon or with your finger. Each pear … Comice is the Harry & David Royal Riviera® gift pack pear grown in Oregon's Rogue Valley. It is similar to the wood of its relative, the apple tree (Malus domestica) and used for many of the same purposes.[26]. Because pears ripen from the inside out, the best way to judge ripeness is to "check the neck": apply gentle thumb pressure to the neck or stem end of the pear. It was discovered in Missouri as a branch of red pears growing on a tree of Clapp’s Favorite (a green pear, not produced commercially in the Northwest). However, they do require some winter chilling to produce fruit. Other species are used as rootstocks for European and Asian pears and as ornamental trees. Only about 20-25 European and 10-20 Asian cultivars represent virtually all the pears of commerce. In the case of the 'Passe Crassane', long the favored winter pear in France, the crop is traditionally gathered at three different times: the first a fortnight or more before it is ripe, the second a week or ten days after that, and the third when fully ripe. Today's Comic from Pearls Before Swine Read Now. The fruit of the pear is produced on spurs, which appear on shoots more than one year old.[11]. Growing Comice Pear Trees. P. caucasica), which are interfertile with domesticated pears. June 08, 2017. Fermented pear juice is called perry. Pear wood is close-grained and at least in the past was used as a specialized timber for fine furniture and making the blocks for woodcuts. The majority of Comice pears are green, but there were some newer varieties developed in the 1960s that are a vibrant red. Blake's Pride pear (Image courtesy of USDA, ARS), Packham's Triumph pear, or just Packham's pear, Beurré Clairgeau, or Clairgeau pear, an early 19th-century French variety, Louise Bonne of Jersey pear, a late 18th-century French pear. P. pyraster) and P. communis subsp. Doyenné du Comice Gieser Wildeman stalk rot Gieser Wildeman Gieser Wildeman boiled in wine Blake's Pride pears ... Pear blossoms from Switzerland. The genus is thought to have originated in present-day Western China[8] in the foothills of the Tian Shan, a mountain range of Central Asia, and to have spread to the north and south along mountain chains, evolving into a diverse group of over 20 widely recognized primary species. 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