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The Finnish Army (Finnish: Maavoimat, Swedish: Armén) is the land forces branch of the Finnish Defence Forces. The new legislation which has already been approved by the Parliament of Finland will, most likely, come into force 1-1-2008. During and after the Civil War, conflict emerged between the younger jaeger officers of the Finnish army and the former tsarist officers in its upper ranks. The defence planning is organised to counteract three threat situations: A figure illustrating the principle of territorial defence. The males who do not belong to the reserve may only be activated in case of full mobilization, and those rank-and-file personnel who have fulfilled 50 years of age only with a specific parliamentary decision.[9]. Two of these brigades, Army Academy and Utti Jaeger Regiment do not have subordinate regional offices. PICTURE: Finnish White Army winter hat made from coarse cloth. Although the signing of the Moscow Treaty in March 1940, which ended the Winter War, guaranteed Finland her borders with the Soviet Union, the Finnish Government remained uncertain of Soviet intentions towards the independence of Finland. Also exempt from military service are the Jehovah's Witnesses. Text from PD source: US Library of Congress: The Finnish legislation concerning conscription has been completely overhauled in 2007. Hakkapeliitta featured on a 1940 Finnish stamp. Finland is the only non-NATO EU country bordering Russia. They are[3], In addition to these tasks, the Army is responsible for conscription and personnel management of reserve.[3]. Very good condition original WWII Finnish army ammo pouch, as used with various Mosin Nagant rifles. A swastika insignia, which has been part of Finland’s air force logo for more than a century, has finally been relegated to the scrap heap. The main objective of the doctrine is to establish and maintain a military force capable of deterring any potential aggressor from using Finnish territory or applying military pressure against Finland. The voluntary overseas service is highly popular and troops serve around the world in UN, NATO and EU missions. Soon after Finland gained independence in December 1917, a nationalistic, middle-class militia known as the White Guards, which had been secretly established in 1904 and 1905 and which had remained underground since then disguised as athletic clubs and other groups, was officially proclaimed the army of the Finnish government under General Mannerheim. Kevyt Osasto 4 seems to have been somehow part of the Armor Brigade, or an Armor Battalion. See more ideas about finnish, world war two, army. Use of military force in the form of a strategic strike or an attack beginning with a strategic strike aimed at seizing territory. The Finnish Air Force (FAF or FiAF) (Finnish: Ilmavoimat ("Air Forces"), Swedish: Flygvapnet) ("Air Weapon") is one of the branches of the Finnish Defence Forces. It is illegal to fire an employee due to military service or due to a refresher exercise or activation. 1+1+1=3? Finland’s Air Force unceremoniously dropped its logo used since 1917, which prominently displayed a swastika, it was confirmed Wednesday. 1915 New England Westinghouse M91 with straight logo SA mark, "double S" Civil Guard number. [6][7] During a crisis, the regional offices form provincial local battalions and the brigade headquarters form the regional command level. The Soviets regarded this territory as being vital to their preparations for a future showdown with Nazi Germany. As Finnish conscripts refused to serve in Russian Army, conscription ended in Finland and it was replaced with a tax paid from the Finnish Senate to the Imperial treasury. Perspectives on developing land defence - watch the live stream recording of the Finnish Army Seminar. FILE - In this file photo dated May 5, 2011, a Finnish Air Force Hawk aircraft in flight. Because Finland is not under direct military threat, the current Army is, as it has been since the end of Second World War, in peacetime training formation. Finnish Defense Forces (Puolustusvoimat) Army(Maavoimat), Navy (Merivoimat; includes Coastal Defense Forces), Air Force (Ilmavoimat) Military service 18 years of age for male voluntary and compulsory - and female voluntary - national military and nonmilitary service; service obligation 6-12 months; military obligation to age 60 White Guards were appointed the White Army of Finland on 25 January 1918. The Grand Duchy inherited its allotment system (Swedish: indelningsverket; Finnish: ruotujakolaitos) from the Swedish military organization. Find your thing. 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